In my continuation of historic terms, I would like to share the ones I find important from the tax lists. This would include the Tithe Applotment (1823-1837) and Griffith’s Primary Valuation (1847-64).
Applotment: The share of the total tax that was imposed upon each individual responsible to pay taxes.
Cottage: A dwelling house of small size, such as is occupied by farm laborers, villagers, miners, etc.
Demesne: Land occupied by a lord for private use.
Free: A squatter who does not recognize a landlord.
Glebe: Land occupied by Church of Ireland ministers.
Grange: Land formerly belonging to a monastery.
House: A building used as a dwelling or a public building such as a house of worship, courthouse, etc.
Immediate Lessor: A landowner who occupies a property or a middleman who leases from the landowner and, in turn, rents all or part of the property to another individual.
In Fee: Owner
Liberty: A civil unit, with authority granted by the crown.
Lot: A section of land with a single physical quality.
Manse: A ministers house.
Occupier: An individual or party who owns/leases/rents a tenement.
Office: A building which is a factory, mill, store, stable, cow shed, pig sty, etc.
Plantation: A section of an estate set aside for planting and cultivation trees and shrubbery for planting on the manse.
Ruin: Abuilding without a roof.
Tenant: An individual who rents/leases property by paying a stated rent to the middleman or owner.
Tenement: Any holding of land as well as a dwelling.
Waste: Ground under houses, yards, streets, small gardens, under barren cliffs, beaches, along the seashore and small bodies of water.
While these may not be the only terms you’ll find in the tax records, they are among the more common ones. They can help you understand what you are looking in the records.
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